A New NSF-funded Center Will Integrate Diverse Brain Computer Interface Techniques

The University of Washington will provide the space and lead the effort.

2 min read
A New NSF-funded Center Will Integrate Diverse Brain Computer Interface Techniques

The University of Washington has announced that it will receive five years of funding—$18.5 million in total—from the National Science Foundation to establish a new center for neural engineering on the Seattle campus. San Diego State University and MIT, among others, will partner in a fresh push to give the human brain control over computers and robotic limbs.

Much of the foundation has already been laid with early animal research that looked at how the brain initiates movement in the muscles and then re-routed these intentions to external machines. But BCI technology remains largely out of reach for the motor-impaired human patients who are the most likely to benefit.

The director of the new facility, Yoky Matsuoka, is putting few limits on what kind of work will go on at the Engineering Research Center for Sensorimotor Neural Engineering, or CSNE, as they're calling it. Matsuoka, a 2007 MacArthur fellow and engineering professor at UW has spent a large chunk of her career developing a robotic human hand prosthesis. In her work, she seeks to replicate human physiology as closely as possible.

But past work may provide few clues about what to expect from the new facility. Anything is possible as everything seems to be on the table—devices that use signals from the brain and nerves, whether collecting them non-invasively with electrodes on the scalp and muscles, or going right into the brain to record the chatter of single cells.  I asked Matsuoka to comment a bit about the future of neural prosthetics and to predict which techniques are likely to dominate. She was hesitant to rule anything out.

"Which way should we be going? It's not about what's going to be the ultimate one. I think all of them are going to have their place. It's like contact lenses versus glasses," she says.

Recording single cells provides the most precise information about the brain's intentions, but it also requires surgery, which may not be an option for some patients. Brain computer interfaces have the potential to treat an incredible range of disorders. It may be wise to keep the solutions as diverse as the problems.

Image: a prosthetic hand developed by Yoky Matsuoka  Credit: University of Washington

The Conversation (0)

Are You Ready for Workplace Brain Scanning?

Extracting and using brain data will make workers happier and more productive, backers say

11 min read
A photo collage showing a man wearing a eeg headset while looking at a computer screen.
Nadia Radic

Get ready: Neurotechnology is coming to the workplace. Neural sensors are now reliable and affordable enough to support commercial pilot projects that extract productivity-enhancing data from workers’ brains. These projects aren’t confined to specialized workplaces; they’re also happening in offices, factories, farms, and airports. The companies and people behind these neurotech devices are certain that they will improve our lives. But there are serious questions about whether work should be organized around certain functions of the brain, rather than the person as a whole.

To be clear, the kind of neurotech that’s currently available is nowhere close to reading minds. Sensors detect electrical activity across different areas of the brain, and the patterns in that activity can be broadly correlated with different feelings or physiological responses, such as stress, focus, or a reaction to external stimuli. These data can be exploited to make workers more efficient—and, proponents of the technology say, to make them happier. Two of the most interesting innovators in this field are the Israel-based startup InnerEye, which aims to give workers superhuman abilities, and Emotiv, a Silicon Valley neurotech company that’s bringing a brain-tracking wearable to office workers, including those working remotely.

Keep Reading ↓Show less