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Real-Time Sensor Double Checks What's in Your IV Drip

Errors in administering intravenous drugs are all too common, but an optical sensor that checks what's in the fluid may help

2 min read
Real-Time Sensor Double Checks What's in Your IV Drip

Studies show that errors in intravenous drug delivery are common in hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Some errors do not have serious consequences, but others cause major harm, including deaths, and health professionals are always looking for ways to improve dispensing workflows. For example, computerized systems have now advanced IV delivery by administering set volumes of medication to a patient. These systems cannot identify a medication, though, or check its concentration as it is given to a patient. But a new optical device can.

Students at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), led by Brian Cunningham, who runs the Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory at UIUC, used an extremely responsive nanoscale sensing technique called surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy (SERS) to identify the drugs in IV solutions in real-time, meaning the sensor could potentially be used to check IV medications immediately before they are administered to patients. SERS bounces photons off of molecules and measures the photons' post-collision frequency and wavelength to determine the chemical makeup of the molecules themselves.

The students lined IV tubing with a gold surface outfitted with tiny bumps called nano-domes. Then they shone lasers on the gold tube interior, and as IV fluid flowed through the tubes, drug molecules that touched the domes were identified using SERS. The nanostructure surface developed for this project can be deposited on flexible plastic at a low cost because its manufacturing is automated by a very accurate replica molding process.

The detector can currently identify drugs like morphine, methadone, and phenobarbital, and should be highly expandable to an extensive catalogue because of its sensitivity. Additionally, the system can currently identify combinations of two drugs. The goal, though, is for it to be able to handle 10, because a major area of concern in healthcare settings is mistakenly combining drugs with harmful interactions. 

"Up to 61 percent of all life-threatening errors during hospitalization are associated with IV drug therapy," Cunningham said in a press release, citing a recent report. "So for all the really good things hospitals can do, the data shows that mistakes can occasionally happen."

Image: Hsin-Yu Wu/University of Illinois

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Are You Ready for Workplace Brain Scanning?

Extracting and using brain data will make workers happier and more productive, backers say

11 min read
A photo collage showing a man wearing a eeg headset while looking at a computer screen.
Nadia Radic

Get ready: Neurotechnology is coming to the workplace. Neural sensors are now reliable and affordable enough to support commercial pilot projects that extract productivity-enhancing data from workers’ brains. These projects aren’t confined to specialized workplaces; they’re also happening in offices, factories, farms, and airports. The companies and people behind these neurotech devices are certain that they will improve our lives. But there are serious questions about whether work should be organized around certain functions of the brain, rather than the person as a whole.

To be clear, the kind of neurotech that’s currently available is nowhere close to reading minds. Sensors detect electrical activity across different areas of the brain, and the patterns in that activity can be broadly correlated with different feelings or physiological responses, such as stress, focus, or a reaction to external stimuli. These data can be exploited to make workers more efficient—and, proponents of the technology say, to make them happier. Two of the most interesting innovators in this field are the Israel-based startup InnerEye, which aims to give workers superhuman abilities, and Emotiv, a Silicon Valley neurotech company that’s bringing a brain-tracking wearable to office workers, including those working remotely.

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