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Metaverse Offers Chance to Get Technology Right

Niantic CEO urges AR industry to learn from mistakes of today's tech

2 min read
Man on stage speaking standing in front of four floor lights and a curtain behind him containing the image of a flying woman wearing a virtual reality headset

John Hanke, CEO of Niantic—the company behind Pokémon Go—recently addressed developers at the AR convention Augmented World Expo 2021.

Tekla S. Perry

Today, the tech industry is facing its most important moment in 20 years, a moment in which decisions are going to be made that affect the future of technology—and humanity.

That was the message John Hanke, CEO of Niantic, gave AR and VR developers attending Augmented World Expo 2021 last week. Niantic is the company behind Pokémon Go and other augmented reality apps, and is currently developing AR glasses.

Hanke was, of course, talking about the coming metaverse, the term pushed center stage by Facebook (now Meta) as a description of the era of wearable, always available, augmented reality technology. The term metaverse comes from the futuristic 1992 novel Snow Crash by Neal Stephenson.


"I love [Stephenson's] work," said Hanke, "but we all know how those stories go. In the fictional future, the world has become such a mess, things have gone so horribly wrong, that people have to escape into a virtual reality."

"That's not the future I want," Hanke said, "it's not the future we believe we will happen. We think we can use this tech not to escape the world into VR, but to build a better real world, preserve the real world as a place of purpose and novelty and community."

Company executives and developers, he said, need to now focus on building the metaverse responsibly, learning from what has been going on in tech industry for past ten years—including the spread of misinformation, political division, and loss of privacy.

"As excited as we are about the technology and what we can do with it, we recognize that this next phase of computing, this platform transition, carries with it big-time responsibility," Hanke told the developers, gathered in person at the Santa Clara, Calif., convention center and remotely online. "We are going to be making decisions about what this looks like, in terms of platform and product, and about how much human values come into play."

Hanke looked back at the last big platform change—the emergence of the smartphone.

"We put a small computer in the hands of billions of people around the world, and it changed how all of us lead our lives," he said. "It's been transformative for humanity. But we've seen the downsides, in terms of tracking, privacy, and the behaviors that the platforms and applications encouraged in us."

The metaverse, Hanke says, will potentially have all the problems we have now with social media. But, because it will combine with the real world, developers will have even greater responsibility to protect users from these downsides.

"Think about a wearable device, with you all day long, on your head," Hanke said. "It probably knows where you are looking most of the time. Maybe it knows other things, like your heart rate. If you see an advertisement, did your heart rate go up? When you see a person [it identifies], what did your heartrate do? Did your pupils dilate? What about your emotions? Are you happy, sad, anxious?"

"This is not science fiction," he continued. "Tech can do what I described. Whether we allow that to evolve into the dystopia that we all know it could be, or take steps to turn it into something else, is a collective job for all of us."

The Conversation (2)
Keng-Yuan Chang21 Nov, 2021
INDV

Don't know about metaverse, but I think gaming is still where it's at now, VR multiplayer games are a good way to have fun with family & friends, planning to play Demeo this weekend, should be awesome.

Thomas J Starr19 Nov, 2021
LS

I hope the Metaverse is not corrupted by the profit motive like the online game "Metatopia" described in the novel "Fatal Entanglement," where the game secretly psychoanalyses the players to find targets to exploit.

Economics Drives Ray-Gun Resurgence

Laser weapons, cheaper by the shot, should work well against drones and cruise missiles

4 min read
In an artist’s rendering, a truck is shown with five sets of wheels—two sets for the cab, the rest for the trailer—and a box on the top of the trailer, from which a red ray is projected on an angle, upward, ending in the silhouette of an airplane, which is being destroyed

Lockheed Martin's laser packs up to 300 kilowatts—enough to fry a drone or a plane.

Lockheed Martin

The technical challenge of missile defense has been compared with that of hitting a bullet with a bullet. Then there is the still tougher economic challenge of using an expensive interceptor to kill a cheaper target—like hitting a lead bullet with a golden one.

Maybe trouble and money could be saved by shooting down such targets with a laser. Once the system was designed, built, and paid for, the cost per shot would be low. Such considerations led planners at the Pentagon to seek a solution from Lockheed Martin, which has just delivered a 300-kilowatt laser to the U.S. Army. The new weapon combines the output of a large bundle of fiber lasers of varying frequencies to form a single beam of white light. This laser has been undergoing tests in the lab, and it should see its first field trials sometime in 2023. General Atomics, a military contractor in San Diego, is also developing a laser of this power for the Army based on what’s known as the distributed-gain design, which has a single aperture.

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