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Internet Turns 40

Celebration of the Beginnings of the ARPANET

2 min read
Internet Turns 40

Tomorrow is the 40th anniversary of the "official" beginnings of what is now the Internet. On that day, in 1969,  wrote Dr. Leonard Kleinrock in Volume 2 (page 305) of his two-volume set "Queueing Systems":

"... the embryonic one node network (!) came to life when the first packet-switching computer was connected to the Sigma 7 computer at UCLA. Shortly thereafter began the interconnections of many main processors (referred to as HOSTs) at various university, industrial, and government research centers across the United States."

Thus was born the ARPANET.

An AP story marking the anniversary says that Dr. Kleinrock (and no doubt J.C.R. Licklider, Larry Roberts, Wesley Clark, Paul Baran, Thomas Marill, Charles Herzfeld, Bob Taylor, and the many others involved in its beginnings) never envisioned that the ARPANET would evolve into what it has today. What began as a way to openly and freely exchange information among scientists and engineers became all that and more.

For instance, a story in Fast Company last week noted that Internet users in the US watched some 21.4 billion videos in July and the average online video viewer watched 8.3 hours of video.

Also in July, the video game company Electronic Artsproudly announced that its Battlefield 1943 customers had killed more than 43 million enemies in just one week:

“"Watching and participating in this non-stop multiplayer action has been a real treat for us and we can't believe how fast our fans reached 43 million kills. We can now truly say that we have set a new standard for what can be done in the downloadable games category and gamers recognize the endless value that Battlefield 1943 provides for just $15." 

In a New York Timesstory last week, Google says that it now lists some 330,000 Web sites as being malicious, over double the150,000 a year ago.

And a story last month in the London Daily Express discussing the various Internet (and other technology) related injuries people now have that they didn't have 40 years ago. The paper says that some 5 million staff days are lost per year in the UK due to Internet surfing related injuries.

How the Internet will evolve over the next 40 years is anyone’s guess (and feel free to make a prediction), but we should give some special thanks to those in ARPA who decided to fund the effort, the universities and government labs who built it out, and others in government who were wise enough to let it grow freely, those 40 plus years ago.

The Conversation (0)

Why Functional Programming Should Be the Future of Software Development

It’s hard to learn, but your code will produce fewer nasty surprises

11 min read
A plate of spaghetti made from code
Shira Inbar

You’d expectthe longest and most costly phase in the lifecycle of a software product to be the initial development of the system, when all those great features are first imagined and then created. In fact, the hardest part comes later, during the maintenance phase. That’s when programmers pay the price for the shortcuts they took during development.

So why did they take shortcuts? Maybe they didn’t realize that they were cutting any corners. Only when their code was deployed and exercised by a lot of users did its hidden flaws come to light. And maybe the developers were rushed. Time-to-market pressures would almost guarantee that their software will contain more bugs than it would otherwise.

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