The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

Close bar

Flexible Pressure Sensors Stay Accurate Even When Bent

Nanofibers enable pressure sensor-based glove

2 min read
Flexible Pressure Sensors Stay Accurate Even When Bent
Photo: Someya Laboratory

Research has shown that nanofibers can be fashioned into a pretty effective flexible pressure sensor. We have also seen carbon nanotubes structured into pyramid shapes  or just sprayed over silicone to produce flexible pressure sensors.

Now an international team at the University of Tokyo has produced nanofibers made from a mix of carbon nanotubes and graphene that overcomes a big problem facing flexible pressure sensors—that they lose their accuracy after being bent or deformed. The resulting pressure sensor could be used to better detect breast tumors, its inventors suggest.

Sungwon Lee and Takao Someya at the University of Tokyo note that although there are many groups applying flexible electronics to implantable and wearable devices, many of the resulting sensors were not suitble for measuring real objects because they were too sensitive to the distortion of the materials. [See Someya's article "Bionic Skin for a Cyborg You" for an in depth look at the quest for flexible skin-like sensors.]

In a kind of “Catch 22”, highly sensitive pressure sensors depend on conformal contact with a surface—the property that made them more sensitive to bending unfortunately caused them to lose accuracy. What this means in practice is that when a soft object presses against another soft object the pressure cannot be measured separately from the mechanical stress.

What Lee and his colleagues wanted to address was to find a way to measure pressure even under the most extreme bending conditions.

In research described in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the engineers fabricated their flexible sensor using organic transistors and pressure sensitive nanofiber structure.

The researchers fabricated the nanofibers with diameters ranging between 300 to 700 nanometers by adding carbon nanotubes and graphene to a flexible polymer. The nanofibers entangled with each other to form a thin, transparent structure.

The key to these fibers not losing their accuracy in measuring pressures is their ability to change their relative alignment to accommodate the bending. This allows them to continue measuring pressure because it reduces the strain in individual fibers.

The resulting sensor—which is only eight micrometers thick—can measure pressure distribution of a rounded surface so that it can effectively measure pressure at 144 locations at the same time.

"We've also tested the performance of our pressure sensor with an artificial blood vessel and found that it could detect small pressure changes and speed of pressure propagation," said Lee in a press release.

The Conversation (0)

Are You Ready for Workplace Brain Scanning?

Extracting and using brain data will make workers happier and more productive, backers say

11 min read
A photo collage showing a man wearing a eeg headset while looking at a computer screen.
Nadia Radic

Get ready: Neurotechnology is coming to the workplace. Neural sensors are now reliable and affordable enough to support commercial pilot projects that extract productivity-enhancing data from workers’ brains. These projects aren’t confined to specialized workplaces; they’re also happening in offices, factories, farms, and airports. The companies and people behind these neurotech devices are certain that they will improve our lives. But there are serious questions about whether work should be organized around certain functions of the brain, rather than the person as a whole.

To be clear, the kind of neurotech that’s currently available is nowhere close to reading minds. Sensors detect electrical activity across different areas of the brain, and the patterns in that activity can be broadly correlated with different feelings or physiological responses, such as stress, focus, or a reaction to external stimuli. These data can be exploited to make workers more efficient—and, proponents of the technology say, to make them happier. Two of the most interesting innovators in this field are the Israel-based startup InnerEye, which aims to give workers superhuman abilities, and Emotiv, a Silicon Valley neurotech company that’s bringing a brain-tracking wearable to office workers, including those working remotely.

Keep Reading ↓Show less