To Probe Further: Mumbai

Where to find out more about Mumbai, its power grid, and India's electricity sector

For an academic overview of how Mumbai is changing, read Bombay and Mumbai: The City in Transition, edited by Sujata Patel and Jim Masselos; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2003.

If you want to feel the pulse of the city through fascinating characters and great writing, check out Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found , by Suketu Mehta Vintage Books, New York, 2004.

More information about Mumbai’s utilities and how they are regulated is available at the Web sites of Tata Power Company (, Reliance Energy Limited (, and Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission (

For a fascinating exploration of blackouts in the Mumbai area, read ”Experience of Blackouts and Restoration Practices in Western Region of India,” by Anjan Roy, P. Pentayya, and S.A. Khaparde; IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2004; 6-10 June 2004; Vol. 2, pp. 2340–2345.

The Indian power sector is undergoing rapid change and you can get some of the details in these two articles: ”India's Fast-Growing Power Sector,” by R.G. Yadav, A. Roy, S.A. Khaparde, and P. Pentayya; IEEE Power and Energy Magazine , July-Aug. 2005, pp. 39-48 and ”Power Sector Reforms and Restructuring in India,” by S.A. Khaparde; IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2004, 6-10 June 2004, Vol. 2, pp. 2328–2335.

Read what Rangan Banerjee of IIT-Bombay, one of India’s leading experts on demand side management, has to say about load management issues in these two articles: ”Integrating Demand Side Options in Electric Utility Planning: A Multiobjective Approach,” by D. Chattopadhyay, R. Banerjee, and J. Parikh; IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, May 1995, pp 657–663 and ”Optimal Operation of Industrial Cogeneration for Load Management,” by S. Ashok and R. Banerjee; IEEE Transactions on Power Systems , May 2003, pp. 931–937.

To see all of Spectrum 's special report on The Megacity, including online extras and audio and video exclusives, go to