Using VNA’s as a Tool for Signal Integrity in High Speed Digital Systems

Our signal integrity paper describes the difference in how VNA’s and time domain based instruments generate S-Parameters. It also covers the following information and much more:

  • Examination of VNA time domain transformations and how they are effected by VNA bandwidth, frequency step size and low frequency S-Parameter quality
  • S-Parameter quality metrics, including indications of measurement issues
  • Channel characterization and measurement frequencies as it applies to bit rates and encoding
  • VNA de-embedding and network extraction tools as a way to simplify measurements