The Washington D.C. Board of Elections & Ethics wanted to determine the user friendliness, robustness and security of its prototype elections voting web site "D.C. Overseas Digital Vote-by-Mail" (see this PDF for an overview description). The web site was designed to allow some 950 military and overseas voters cast ballots online, an AP story appearing in the Washington Examiner reports.
So the Board of Elections encouraged outsiders to test the web site out for a week.
The D.C. Board of Elections took down the site last Friday, and a scaled-back version was relaunched yesterday - without the fight song. The Board of Elections is still hoping to be able to use the site for the November elections, assuming that it stands up to continued scrutiny.
According to the AP story:
"The relaunched site will allow voters to download ballots, but not cast them online as originally planned. Instead, they'll have to mail, fax or e-mail them in. The system is still an improvement over past years when overseas voters were sent their ballots by mail."
The Board of Election plans to restore the ballot-casting feature in 2011.
More interestingly to me is how the Board of Elections went about testing the system. They set up a credential system for testers (and hackers) and then gave them the source code and the layout of the servers (see PDF) on which it executed. Some 100 people requested credentials to participate, including a professor at the University of Michigan who asked his students to try to hack the site.
The Board of Elections has received about 50 comments so far on how to improve the site or errors experienced when testing it out.
The D.C. Board of Elections deserves praise for what it did, even though their site was hacked fairly quickly. The effort hopefully will result in a much better and more secure web site in the future.
It would be nice to see other government and private organizations - the IEEE included - do the same thing with their sites.
Update 07 October 2010: 0930 EST
According to ComputerWorld, it was Professor Alex Halderman's class that did the hacking. He an assistant professor of computer science at the University of Michigan.
Professor Halderman is reported in ComputerWorld to have said that the security hole discovered (a shell injection flaw) was serious, and that they could "access the database username and password and the public key used to encrypt ballots. In addition, [they] found [that] they could install a backdoor on the server for viewing and recording votes and the names of those who cast them."
In addition, the article says that the Digital Vote by Mail application "is based on software from the Open Source Digital Voting Foundation, a group developing voting systems based on open-source technology. It's written using the Ruby on Rails framework and runs on an Apache Web server and MYSQL database... "
You can find out more what Professor Halderman and his students found at this blog post.
Robert N. Charette is a Contributing Editor to IEEE Spectrum and an acknowledged international authority on information technology and systems risk management. A self-described “risk ecologist,” he is interested in the intersections of business, political, technological, and societal risks. Charette is an award-winning author of multiple books and numerous articles on the subjects of risk management, project and program management, innovation, and entrepreneurship. A Life Senior Member of the IEEE, Charette was a recipient of the IEEE Computer Society’s Golden Core Award in 2008.