The Art of Failure 2012

Failure analysts show off the strange stuff they find in their microscopes

1 min read

Photo: Tan Lee Koon/Systems-on-Silicon Manufacturing Co.
The Hope Terrace: The chipping at the edge of a silicon wafer, when examined under a scanning electron microscope, looks like an inspiring bit of geography, according to third-prize winner Tan Lee Koon.

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The Transistor of 2047: Expert Predictions

What will the device be like on its 100th anniversary?

4 min read
Six men and a woman smiling.

The luminaries who dared predict the future of the transistor for IEEE Spectrum include: [clockwise from left] Gabriel Loh, Sri Samavedam, Sayeef Salahuddin, Richard Schultz, Suman Datta, Tsu-Jae King Liu, and H.-S. Philip Wong.


The 100th anniversary of the invention of the transistor will happen in 2047. What will transistors be like then? Will they even be the critical computing element they are today? IEEE Spectrum asked experts from around the world for their predictions.

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