Terms of Use

Terms & Conditions for Use of the IEEE Web Site

The following terms and conditions (the "Terms and Conditions") govern your use of the website (this "Site") of The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated, a New York not-for-profit corporation (the "IEEE"), and any services contained within the Site. These Terms and Conditions include the IEEE Privacy Policy and supplemental terms and conditions ("Supplemental Terms") that will govern your use of specific IEEE services ("Additional Services").

By using or downloading any materials from this Site, you agree to these Terms and Conditions. In addition, you agree to the applicable Supplemental Terms by using or downloading materials from that Additional Service.

1. User Participation.
You may post material to comment forums, wikis and other interactive areas of the Site. However, you may not post any material that (1) is defamatory, libelous, obscene, indecent, abusive or threatening to others; (2) infringes the copyright, trademark or other right of any third party; (3) uploads viruses or other contaminating or destructive features; (4) is commercial in nature; or (5) is in violation of any applicable laws or regulations. You are solely responsible for ensuring that any material you post complies with the foregoing conditions and will indemnify IEEE Spectrum, its officers and employees from and against all claims, liabilities, judgments, damages and costs (including attorney's fees), which arise out of materials you have posted on the Site. If IEEE Spectrum becomes aware of any material that it believes may violate the foregoing conditions, it may, at its sole discretion, modify or remove the material. You grant to IEEE Spectrum the right to copy, publish, distribute, modify, translate and otherwise use in any medium any material that you place on the Site by any means, without compensation to you.


2. Copyrighted Information and Copyright Agent.
Please note that the pages on the Site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information, the terms of which must be observed and followed.

Unless otherwise noted, all information, text, articles, data, images, Documents (as defined below), software or other materials (collectively hereinafter referred to as the "Materials") contained on any page within this Site are copyrighted by the IEEE or a third party (hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Copyright Holder"). Title to copyright in the Materials will at all times remain with the Copyright Holder. You may only use, download or copy the Materials contained in the Site in accordance with the Terms and Conditions. Any permitted copies of the Materials must retain the copyright notice, and any other proprietary notices contained in such Materials. Unless otherwise provided in the Terms and Conditions, you may not edit, modify or make use of the Materials without the express, prior written consent of the IEEE. You may not use any content contained in the Materials in any manner that may give a false or misleading impression or statement as to the IEEE, the Copyright Holder, or any third party referenced in the Materials. Nothing on this Site shall be construed as conferring any license under any Copyright Holder's intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication or otherwise. You agree to use the Site and the Materials and services and products on the Site or accessible via the Site only for lawful purposes. THE IEEE MAY REVOKE ANY OF THE FOREGOING RIGHTS, AS WELL AS ANY ACCESS AND USE AUTHORIZATIONS GRANTED TO USERS OF THE SITE AT ANY TIME.

Except as specifically provided in these Terms and Conditions (including any applicable Supplemental Terms), any reproduction, distribution, replication or retransmission of any information contained on this Site without the prior written consent of the IEEE is strictly prohibited.

The IEEE respects the rights of all copyright holders and in this regard, it has adopted and implemented a policy that provides for the termination in appropriate circumstances of users who infringe the rights of copyright holders. If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please provide IEEE's Copyright Agent the following information required by the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. 512:

a. A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed;
b. Identification of the copyright work claimed to have been infringed, or, if multiple copyrighted works at a single online site are covered by a single notification, a representative list of such works at that site;
c. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity and that is to be removed or access to which is to be disabled, and information reasonably sufficient to permit us to locate the material;
d. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact thecomplaining party;
e. A statement that the complaining party has a good-faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law; and
f. A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that the complaining party is authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.
The IEEE's Copyright Agent for notice of claims of copyright infringement on or regarding this site can be reached as follows:

Copyright Agent
Attn: Bill Hagen
445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331

Phone: +1 732 562 3966
Fax: +1 732 562 1746
Email: copyrights@ieee.org