Sizing Us Up

New 3-D body scanners are reshaping clothing, car seats, and more

7 min read

If you've been having trouble shopping for clothes that fit well, you're not alone. In developed countries from Australia to Finland, people are getting bigger--much bigger. Decades of better nutrition and health care, coupled with sedentary lifestyles, have had predictable effects on the human form: we're getting taller, wider, and heavier.

Not surprisingly, this situation presents, well, sizable problems for the companies that make everything from clothes to coffins, airplane seats to bicycles. When designing anything that's intended for use by lots of people, whether it be a desk or the air bags in your car, engineers must rely on databases of anthropomorphic measurements to make sure things are neither too large nor too small for most of us. For major manufacturers, substantial sums can hinge on such seemingly trivial matters as the exact width of an airline seat or the precise dimensions of a men's ”medium” shirt.

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The EV Transition Explained: Can the Grid Cope?

Palo Alto offers a glimpse at the challenges municipalities and utilities face

8 min read
A man plugging a charger into an outlet

Enel's Juicebox 240-volt Level 2 charger for electric vehicles.

Enel X Way USA

There have been vigorous debates pro and con in the US and elsewhere over whether the electric grids can support EVs at scale. The answer is a nuanced “perhaps.” It depends on several factors, including the speed of grid component modernization, the volume of EV sales, where they occur and when, what kinds of EV charging are being done and when, regulator and political decisions, and critically, economics.

The city of Palo Alto, California is a microcosm of many of the issues involved. Palo Alto boasts the highest adoption rate of EVs in the US: In 2020, one in six of the town’s 25,000 households owned an EV. Of the 52,000 registered vehicles in the city, 4,500 are EVs, and on workdays, commuters drive another 3,000 to 5,000 EVs enter the city. Residents can access about 1000 charging ports spread among over 277 public charging stations, with another 3,500 or so charging ports located at residences.

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The James Webb Space Telescope was a Career-Defining Project for Janet Barth

NASA’s first female engineering chief was there from conception to first light

5 min read
portrait of older woman in light blue jacket against dark gray background Info for editor if needed:
Sue Brown

Janet Barth spent most of her career at the Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt, Md.—which put her in the middle of some of NASA’s most exciting projects of the past 40 years.

She joined the center as a co-op student and retired in 2014 as chief of its electrical engineering division. She had a hand in Hubble Space Telescope servicing missions, launching the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission, and developing the James Webb Space Telescope.

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NYU Biomedical Engineering Speeds Research from Lab Bench to Bedside

Intensive clinical collaboration is fueling growth of NYU Tandon’s biomedical engineering program

5 min read

This optical tomography device that can be used to recognize and track breast cancer, without the negative effects of previous imaging technology. It uses near-infrared light to shine into breast tissue and measure light attenuation that is caused by the propagation through the affected tissue.

A.H. Hielscher, Clinical Biophotonics Laboratory

This is a sponsored article brought to you by NYU’s Tandon School of Engineering.

When Andreas H. Hielscher, the chair of the biomedical engineering (BME) department at NYU’s Tandon School of Engineering, arrived at his new position, he saw raw potential. NYU Tandon had undergone a meteoric rise in its U.S. News & World Report graduate ranking in recent years, skyrocketing 47 spots since 2009. At the same time, the NYU Grossman School of Medicine had shot from the thirties to the #2 spot in the country for research. The two scientific powerhouses, sitting on opposite banks of the East River, offered Hielscher a unique opportunity: to work at the intersection of engineering and healthcare research, with the unmet clinical needs and clinician feedback from NYU’s world-renowned medical program directly informing new areas of development, exploration, and testing.

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