Single Blue Planet Seeks Same

In 2012, a new exoplanet hunter will look for worlds like our own

4 min read
Photo of Italy’s Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on La Palma.
Photo: Gianni Tessicini/INAF-FGG

Italy\u2019s Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on La Palma

Photo: Gianni Tessicini/INAF-FGG
New Horizons: Italy’s Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on La Palma, one of the Canary Islands, will host a new planet-finding instrument. Click on image to enlarge.

graphic link to special report

Keep reading...Show less

This article is for IEEE members only. Join IEEE to access our full archive.

Join the world’s largest professional organization devoted to engineering and applied sciences and get access to all of Spectrum’s articles, podcasts, and special reports. Learn more →

If you're already an IEEE member, please sign in to continue reading.

Membership includes:

  • Get unlimited access to IEEE Spectrum content
  • Follow your favorite topics to create a personalized feed of IEEE Spectrum content
  • Save Spectrum articles to read later
  • Network with other technology professionals
  • Establish a professional profile
  • Create a group to share and collaborate on projects
  • Discover IEEE events and activities
  • Join and participate in discussions

Posits, a New Kind of Number, Improves the Math of AI

The first posit-based processor core gave a ten-thousandfold accuracy boost

4 min read
Squares with 0s and 1s form a colorful brain shape and blue background.
Hiroshi Watanabe/Getty Images

Training the large neural networks behind many modern AI tools requires real computational might: For example, OpenAI’s most advanced language model, GPT-3, required an astounding million billion billions of operations to train, and cost about US $5 million in compute time. Engineers think they have figured out a way to ease the burden by using a different way of representing numbers.

Back in 2017, John Gustafson, then jointly appointed at A*STAR Computational Resources Centre and the National University of Singapore, and Isaac Yonemoto, then at Interplanetary Robot and Electric Brain Co., developed a new way of representing numbers. These numbers, called posits, were proposed as an improvement over the standard floating-point arithmetic processors used today.

Keep Reading ↓Show less

AI Matches Doctors in Screening  for Tuberculosis

TB is the second-leading cause of death by an infectious disease, behind only COVID-19

4 min read
image of chest x-ray
Getty Images

A killer could be stopped cold—or at least be limited in its deadly toll—thanks to AI.

Apart from COVID-19, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death by an infectious disease worldwide, despite being largely preventable and treatable. While the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using chest X-rays to help identify likely cases of TB, many health-care centers lack adequate radiologists to interpret these X-rays. In a study published on 6 September in the journal Radiology, researchers at Google along with colleagues from India, South Africa, and Zambia showed that their deep-learning algorithm could identify cases of TB from chest X-rays as well as radiologists could.

Keep Reading ↓Show less

Take the Lead on Satellite Design Using Digital Engineering

Learn how to accelerate your satellite design process and reduce risk and costs with model-based engineering methods

1 min read
Keysight
Keysight

Win the race to design and deploy satellite technologies and systems. Learn how new digital engineering techniques can accelerate development and reduce your risk and costs. Download this free whitepaper now!

Our white paper covers:

Keep Reading ↓Show less