Nobody (almost nobody) likes getting stabbed with needles, and kids seem to especially hate it. Getting vaccinated is an unpleasant process for everyone concerned, including the kids, their anxious parents, and nurses and physicians who are just trying to do their job. There are ways to coach all parties involved to be better at dealing with scary and painful procedures, and that’s where robots might help. Robots, with the proper programming, have proven (like, peer-reviewed proven) that they can be very effective pain coaches.
RxRobots, a spin-out of the University of Calgary, is using Nao robots (from Aldebaran Robotics, which also makes the Pepper humanoid) to help coach kids through simple medical procedures that are likely to cause them pain and distress, like anything that involves needles. It’s not just that kids don’t like getting vaccinated; some of them scream, puke, or attempt to flee and have to be restrained. According to RxRobots, studies have shown that kids who have a traumatic experience like this will be less likely to seek out medical care when they get older.
Here’s RxRobots’ Nao, which they named MEDi, in action:
Seems simple enough, but MEDi’s interactions are the result of some serious cognitive-behavioral research, and it also helps that most kids are like, “Hey, cool, a robot!”
A 2013 study on a group of 57 kids with chronic medical conditions and a moderate to severe fear of needles found that MEDi could reduce pain and distress by up to 50 percent, and “children recovered more quickly, smiling and relaxing almost immediately after the needle was removed, unlike children in the control group, who remained upset and often would not speak with their parents or nurses afterward.”
In addition to vaccinations, MEDi is being used to coach kids through getting blood drawn, which tends to be more distressing than a vaccination. And there are a lot more possibilities here, since Nao is so easy to program: MRIs, chemotherapy, rehab, even the dentist’s office could benefit from friendly, helpful, and distracting little robots. It's not just for kids, either: personally, I’d feel a lot better getting poked and prodded if I had my own robotic coach to help me through it.
[ RxRobots ]
Evan Ackerman is the senior writer for IEEE Spectrum's award-winning robotics blog, Automaton. Since 2007, he has written over 6,000 articles on robotics and emerging technology, covering conferences and events on every single continent except Antarctica (although he remains optimistic). In addition to Spectrum, Evan's work has appeared in a variety of other online publications including Gizmodo and Slate, and you may have heard him on NPR's Science Friday or the BBC World Service if you were listening at just the right time. Evan has an undergraduate degree in Martian geology, which he almost never gets to use, and still wants to be an astronaut when he grows up. In his spare time, he enjoys scuba diving, rehabilitating injured raptors, and playing bagpipes excellently.