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Rohde & Schwarz Paves the Way for Smart Cities

Smart cities improve our lives and make us safer. R&S provides technologies that will help this vision become reality

1 min read
R&S smart city

Street lighting will adapt to your movement and you will no longer have to spend time looking for a parking spot. An app connected to your fridge will tell you what you need to buy. When you walk past a store, it will offer a special deal on just the product you were looking for. Smart cities will make many aspects of everyday life more convenient.

smart city Rohde SchwarzRohde & Schwarz is addressing key future topics such as communications, information and security, helping to ensure a safer and connected world.

T&M enables 5G, and 5G enables networking

In order for smart cities to function properly, all of their technologies and components have to interact smoothly. Special T&M equipment is needed to ensure that the signals and components meet the specifications of mobile communications standards and to show developers what is and isn't possible. Network operators rely on T&M instruments to set up, maintain and monitor the quality of their networks. Rohde & Schwarz offers industry-leading solutions for all of these tasks.

Smart cities made safe

connectivity

Connectivity makes smart cities more convenient, but also more vulnerable. Safety-critical infrastructures such as power grids and traffic management systems need to be reliably protected against cyberattacks. Rohde & Schwarz protects these infrastructures with state-of-the-art cybersecurity.

Rohde & Schwarz – we pave the way for smart cities.
Find out more.

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Metamaterials Could Solve One of 6G’s Big Problems

There’s plenty of bandwidth available if we use reconfigurable intelligent surfaces

12 min read
An illustration depicting cellphone users at street level in a city, with wireless signals reaching them via reflecting surfaces.

Ground level in a typical urban canyon, shielded by tall buildings, will be inaccessible to some 6G frequencies. Deft placement of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces [yellow] will enable the signals to pervade these areas.

Chris Philpot

For all the tumultuous revolution in wireless technology over the past several decades, there have been a couple of constants. One is the overcrowding of radio bands, and the other is the move to escape that congestion by exploiting higher and higher frequencies. And today, as engineers roll out 5G and plan for 6G wireless, they find themselves at a crossroads: After years of designing superefficient transmitters and receivers, and of compensating for the signal losses at the end points of a radio channel, they’re beginning to realize that they are approaching the practical limits of transmitter and receiver efficiency. From now on, to get high performance as we go to higher frequencies, we will need to engineer the wireless channel itself. But how can we possibly engineer and control a wireless environment, which is determined by a host of factors, many of them random and therefore unpredictable?

Perhaps the most promising solution, right now, is to use reconfigurable intelligent surfaces. These are planar structures typically ranging in size from about 100 square centimeters to about 5 square meters or more, depending on the frequency and other factors. These surfaces use advanced substances called metamaterials to reflect and refract electromagnetic waves. Thin two-dimensional metamaterials, known as metasurfaces, can be designed to sense the local electromagnetic environment and tune the wave’s key properties, such as its amplitude, phase, and polarization, as the wave is reflected or refracted by the surface. So as the waves fall on such a surface, it can alter the incident waves’ direction so as to strengthen the channel. In fact, these metasurfaces can be programmed to make these changes dynamically, reconfiguring the signal in real time in response to changes in the wireless channel. Think of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces as the next evolution of the repeater concept.

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