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The European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter has been taking high-resolution images and making mineralogical maps of the surface of Mars since 2004. This photo shows dense morning fog made of water ice and water vapor in the Valles Marineris canyon system. The canyon is more than 6 kilometers deep in places.
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Each January, the editors of
IEEE Spectrum offer up some predictions about technical developments we expect to be in the news over the coming year. You’ll find a couple dozen of those described in the following special report. Of course, the number of things we could have written about is far higher, so we had to be selective in picking which projects to feature. And we’re not ashamed to admit, gee-whiz appeal often shaped our choices.