Outsourcing's Education Gap

India and China's graduating engineering classes are bigger, but not necessarily better

3 min read

One question comes up often in Vivek Wadhwa’s discussions with students: What jobs are ”outsourcing-proof”? In 2005, Wadhwa, executive in residence at Duke University’s engineering school, tried to find an answer. His research team looked into the number of engineers China and India graduate and how competitive they were compared to U.S. grads.

The answers to both questions are surprising. First the numbers: Popular reports of India and China graduating 12 times as many professional engineers as the United States are way off. Considering only four-year professional degrees, the researchers found that the United States awarded 137 437 compared to 112 000 in India, while China reported 351 537, using broad criteria.

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Asad Madni and the Life-Saving Sensor

His pivot from defense helped a tiny tuning-fork prevent SUV rollovers and plane crashes

11 min read
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Asad Madni and the Life-Saving Sensor

In 1992, Asad M. Madni sat at the helm of BEI Sensors and Controls, overseeing a product line that included a variety of sensor and inertial-navigation devices, but its customers were less varied—mainly, the aerospace and defense electronics industries.

And he had a problem.

The Cold War had ended, crashing the U.S. defense industry. And business wasn’t going to come back anytime soon. BEI needed to identify and capture new customers—and quickly.

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