The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

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We knew early on that the lead article in this issue, which describes ­theories about how the brain creates the mind, was going to be an unusual challenge. It would have to explain one of the most elusive subjects in all of science, and it would also have to take a critical look at claims that technologists are on the verge of ­creating a mind in silico [see our special report, " The Singularity]."

Executive Editor Glenn Zorpette knew exactly who should write it. ”John Horgan is probably the only writer who is smart enough, cranky enough, and skilled enough to pull it off,” he remembers thinking.

Horgan [above] and Zorpette worked together in the mid-1980s at IEEE Spectrum. They would ­interview technologists and officials during the day and drink beer, eat Dominican food, and argue about politics after work. Once, having ­become lost driving to Albuquerque from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in New Mexico, they stumbled into a huge, exuberant ceremony in the desert with hundreds of Native Americans. Amid the feathers, bells, and body paint, the two journalists were conspicuous in blue blazers, wing-tip shoes, and Ray-Bans.

It was at Spectrum that Horgan began forging the probing, ­impious style that characterizes his best works. He did smart, tough ­pieces on underground nuclear ­testing, arms control, and biomedical ­devices. ­Later, at Scientific American magazine, where he and ­Zorpette worked and were occasional ­hockey teammates in the mid-1990s, he profiled scientists, technologists, and philosophers in stories that were free of the deference typical of that kind of article.

”At some point I felt that I could serve science better if I were ­skeptical rather than reverential,” says Horgan, who now directs the Center for Science Writings at the Stevens Institute of Technology, in Hoboken, N.J. He is the author of three books and is a contributor to ­

Zorpette says, ”When I was in my early 20s, John made me ­understand that no career was more fun, ­worthwhile, and interesting than print journalism. His curiosity, skill, and fierce intelligence are what I have been trying to match for my whole career.”

For more articles, videos, and special features, go to The Singularity Special Report.

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Are You Ready for Workplace Brain Scanning?

Extracting and using brain data will make workers happier and more productive, backers say

11 min read
A photo collage showing a man wearing a eeg headset while looking at a computer screen.
Nadia Radic

Get ready: Neurotechnology is coming to the workplace. Neural sensors are now reliable and affordable enough to support commercial pilot projects that extract productivity-enhancing data from workers’ brains. These projects aren’t confined to specialized workplaces; they’re also happening in offices, factories, farms, and airports. The companies and people behind these neurotech devices are certain that they will improve our lives. But there are serious questions about whether work should be organized around certain functions of the brain, rather than the person as a whole.

To be clear, the kind of neurotech that’s currently available is nowhere close to reading minds. Sensors detect electrical activity across different areas of the brain, and the patterns in that activity can be broadly correlated with different feelings or physiological responses, such as stress, focus, or a reaction to external stimuli. These data can be exploited to make workers more efficient—and, proponents of the technology say, to make them happier. Two of the most interesting innovators in this field are the Israel-based startup InnerEye, which aims to give workers superhuman abilities, and Emotiv, a Silicon Valley neurotech company that’s bringing a brain-tracking wearable to office workers, including those working remotely.

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