What's up with roboticists and baseball bats? Last year, German researchers showed off their tough new robot arm by smashing it with a bat. Not to be outdone, iRobot now turns to the same "stress test" technique to prove that its robot hand can take some serious punishment and come out unscathed. Watch:

iRobot built this hand as part of the DARPA Autonomous Robotic Manipulation (ARM) program. The model in the video is actually an early prototype. The current version will be attached to the DARPA ARM robot, which different research groups will use to develop and test new manipulation strategies.

What makes the iRobot hand different from other designs is that it is soft and compliant—and yet robust and dexterous. Traditional robot hands are rigid, so you need to control their position with great precision to grasp objects. Move the hand too much against a hard object like a table and you can break its joints and electronics. That doesn't happen with iRobot's hand. To pick up a credit card from a table, for example, the hand pushes its fingers against the table, forcing them to bend and grip the card. 

"Our hand actually uses contact with the environment to manipulate various things," says Chris Jones, director for research advancement. "We leverage compliance, so we don't depend on expensive sensors to position the hand."

Because it's soft and compliant, the hand can also take hard blows without suffering damage. Jones explains that the fingers are made of soft, rubber-like polymers. The researchers get the shape they need by using molds, and while fabricating the fingers they embed tactile sensors and other electronics into the soft material. The actuation mechanism uses motors to pull cables inside the fingers. The cables are just standard fishing lines, Jones says, and if they snap you can easily replace them.

The iRobot hand is not only able to pick up small objects like a key, but it's also strong enough to hold a payload of up to 22.7 kilograms (50 pounds). Whether it's better than other robot hands such as the Barrett Hand, the Sandia Hand, Willow Garage's Velo Gripper, or the Robotiq Adaptive Gripper, among others, only time will tell, as the DARPA ARM and other research programs put these designs to the test, which we sure hope includes smashing them with bats.

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An illustration of a woman making a salad with robotic arms around her holding vegetables and other salad ingredients.
Dan Page
Blue

By 2050, the global population aged 65 or more will be nearly double what it is today. The number of people over the age of 80 will triple, approaching half a billion. Supporting an aging population is a worldwide concern, but this demographic shift is especially pronounced in Japan, where more than a third of Japanese will be 65 or older by midcentury.

Toyota Research Institute (TRI), which was established by Toyota Motor Corp. in 2015 to explore autonomous cars, robotics, and “human amplification technologies,” has also been focusing a significant portion of its research on ways to help older people maintain their health, happiness, and independence as long as possible. While an important goal in itself, improving self-sufficiency for the elderly also reduces the amount of support they need from society more broadly. And without technological help, sustaining this population in an effective and dignified manner will grow increasingly difficult—first in Japan, but globally soon after.

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