The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

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In our latest survey of IEEE Fellows [”Bursting Tech Bubbles Before They Balloon”], conducted in conjunction with The Institute for the Future, in Palo Alto, Calif., some 700 of the world’s leading technological minds took an optimistic but clear-eyed look at which technologies will—and won’t—be making our lives bigger and better over the next 20 or so years.

Most of them think that massively ­parallel-processing computers will be used in mainstream applications and that personal gigabit Internet access will be available in developed countries. Virtually all see RFID becoming ­ubiquitous and software-defined radio being commonly integrated into consumer electronics. Our Fellows predict a daily life saturated with information technology. Kevin Kelly, a cofounder of Wired magazine, calls this ­”zillionics”—rivers of sensory data flowing day and night from zillions of sources.

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The Transistor at 75

The past, present, and future of the modern world’s most important invention

1 min read
A photo of a birthday cake with 75 written on it.
Lisa Sheehan

Seventy-five years is a long time. It’s so long that most of us don’t remember a time before the transistor, and long enough for many engineers to have devoted entire careers to its use and development. In honor of this most important of technological achievements, this issue’s package of articles explores the transistor’s historical journey and potential future.

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