IEEE Spectrum R and D 100

The world’s biggest R & D spenders are putting their money on software and service

10 min read
IEEE Spectrum R&D 100
IEEE Spectrum

Did Microsoft Corp. really spend more on R&D last year than any other company in the world? We think so, but we can’t be sure. The reason is that roughly US $1.3 billion of the software giant’s $8 billion R&D outlay was actually paid out as shares of stock to its researchers. At the moment, hardly any company besides Redmond, Wash.-based Microsoft bothers to track stock or stock options as an R&D expense. The few that do account for this expense in widely different ways.

But before the end of this year, all companies listed on U.S. stock markets may have to begin figuring stock outlays into their R&D expenses. That would be the result of a new rule proposed by a private sector organization in Norwalk, Conn., called the Financial Accounting Standards Board, which establishes U.S. accounting standards. If the rule is not outlawed by an act of Congress this fall, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission will soon require all publicly traded firms to abide by it.

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8 min read
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Enel's Juicebox 240-volt Level 2 charger for electric vehicles.

Enel X Way USA

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portrait of older woman in light blue jacket against dark gray background Info for editor if needed:
Sue Brown

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