How Computer Chess Changed Programming

It changed how we program and think about the human brain

1 min read

When Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov in 1997, it was a shock to most—but not to those who had closely watched the development of chess computers over the previous 50 years. IEEE Spectrum talked to one of Deep Blue’s creators, Feng-Hsiung Hsu, and AI specialist and computer-chess historian Monty Newborn about the special place of chess computers in the history of computer programming and their role in our understanding of the human brain.

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The Spectacular Collapse of CryptoKitties, the First Big Blockchain Game

A cautionary tale of NFTs, Ethereum, and cryptocurrency security

8 min read
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Mountains and cresting waves made of cartoon cats and large green coins.
Frank Stockton
Pink

On 4 September 2018, someone known only as Rabono bought an angry cartoon cat named Dragon for 600 ether—an amount of Ethereum cryptocurrency worth about US $170,000 at the time, or $745,000 at the cryptocurrency’s value in July 2022.

It was by far the highest transaction yet for a nonfungible token (NFT), the then-new concept of a unique digital asset. And it was a headline-grabbing opportunity for CryptoKitties, the world’s first blockchain gaming hit. But the sky-high transaction obscured a more difficult truth: CryptoKitties was dying, and it had been for some time.

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