The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

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How Computer Chess Changed Programming

It changed how we program and think about the human brain

1 min read

When Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov in 1997, it was a shock to most—but not to those who had closely watched the development of chess computers over the previous 50 years. IEEE Spectrum talked to one of Deep Blue’s creators, Feng-Hsiung Hsu, and AI specialist and computer-chess historian Monty Newborn about the special place of chess computers in the history of computer programming and their role in our understanding of the human brain.

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Why Functional Programming Should Be the Future of Software Development

It’s hard to learn, but your code will produce fewer nasty surprises

11 min read
A plate of spaghetti made from code
Shira Inbar

You’d expectthe longest and most costly phase in the lifecycle of a software product to be the initial development of the system, when all those great features are first imagined and then created. In fact, the hardest part comes later, during the maintenance phase. That’s when programmers pay the price for the shortcuts they took during development.

So why did they take shortcuts? Maybe they didn’t realize that they were cutting any corners. Only when their code was deployed and exercised by a lot of users did its hidden flaws come to light. And maybe the developers were rushed. Time-to-market pressures would almost guarantee that their software will contain more bugs than it would otherwise.

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