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Flexible, Unbreakable, Displays, Coming Soon to an E-Reader Near You

ITRI's inspiration for these easily manufacturable flex-screens came from a little crepe-maker in Taiwan

2 min read
Flexible, Unbreakable, Displays, Coming Soon to an E-Reader Near You

Sometimes, it pays to break for lunch.

That’s what researchers at Taiwan’s Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) found out. They’d been struggling for years to figure out a way to manufacture thin, flexible, flat-screen displays. These are the stuff dreams are made of—futurists have long envisioned newspapers and maps we can fold and roll, that don’t break. They just haven’t made it to the mass market yet, they’ve been tough to manufacture cheaply.

ITRI’s been working on that manufacturing issue for years. Its goal was to use standard manufacturing equipment—for OLED, LCD, or electronic paper displays—but sneak a thin layer of film in on top of the standard glass panel. Detach the film from the glass at the end of the process, and bingo, flexible display. ITRI Display Technology Center Director John Chen told me yesterday that that after successfully coming up with a transparent polymer film that could take the high heat of semiconductor manufacturing, researchers struggled to figure out a way to attach the film to glass in such a way that it would stick tight through all the manufacturing processes, but be easy to peel off at the end.

“We failed 63 times in four years,” he said.

And then one of the researchers involved in the effort went out to lunch, to a little creperie in a local market. He watched the crepe maker prepare a crepe, noticing that he didn’t spread the layer of oil to the edges of the pan. The crepe clung tightly to the edges while cooking, but, when it was done, the chef had an easy time popping it loose.

That technique, of adding what Chen calls a “debonding” layer, but not bringing it all the way to the edges of the substrate, worked just as well in display manufacturing as it did in crepe making. ITRI is being honored next week by R&D Magazine’s Top 100 Awards for the innovation. And Taiwanese company AU Optronics Corp. will be releasing a line of e-readers using this flexible display technology in 2011; Chen thinks these will be of particularly interest to K-12 educators, because of their durability.

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Two Startups Are Bringing Fiber to the Processor

Avicena’s blue microLEDs are the dark horse in a race with Ayar Labs’ laser-based system

5 min read
Diffuse blue light shines from a patterned surface through a ring. A blue cable leads away from it.

Avicena’s microLED chiplets could one day link all the CPUs in a computer cluster together.


If a CPU in Seoul sends a byte of data to a processor in Prague, the information covers most of the distance as light, zipping along with no resistance. But put both those processors on the same motherboard, and they’ll need to communicate over energy-sapping copper, which slow the communication speeds possible within computers. Two Silicon Valley startups, Avicena and Ayar Labs, are doing something about that longstanding limit. If they succeed in their attempts to finally bring optical fiber all the way to the processor, it might not just accelerate computing—it might also remake it.

Both companies are developing fiber-connected chiplets, small chips meant to share a high-bandwidth connection with CPUs and other data-hungry silicon in a shared package. They are each ramping up production in 2023, though it may be a couple of years before we see a computer on the market with either product.

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