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FCC Approves 5G Upgrade Order in an Effort to Speed Rollouts

Dissenting commissioners argued now is not the time to change the rules for 5G deployment

2 min read
5G installation on a roof
Photo: iStockphoto

The path to rolling out new 5G wireless service in the United States may have gotten a bit smoother. This week, the Federal Communications Commission clarified some of the rules for approving new 5G equipment installations, although two dissenting commissioners said the FCC should have waited until local governments didn’t have a pandemic and demonstrations to deal with.

The commission voted 3-2 on Tuesday to clarify rules for streamlined approval that it had written in 2014. The two Democrats on the board voted no.

Brendan Carr, the Republican commissioner who led the charge for the changes, said in a prepared statement that the streamlined rules help bring high-speed wireless service to more people by making it easier to install new equipment on existing cell towers, which is a faster process than getting approval for and building a brand new tower. “By bringing greater clarity to our rules, our decision reduces disagreements between providers and governments. And it separates the wheat from the chaff—the more difficult approval decisions, such as whether and how to construct a new tower, from the easier ones, such as whether to allow an existing tower to be upgraded,” he wrote.

The streamlining rules require local governments to finish their approval process within 60 days of a provider’s application. The clarification voted in on Tuesday make it clear that the clock starts ticking when a provider takes the first procedural step required by the local government and states in writing why the project qualifies for the expedited review. Some of the steps involved in approval had not been triggering the clock, but, Carr wrote, “60 days means 60 days.”

The vote also clarifies what is meant by “equipment boxes.” The rules place a limit of four new equipment boxes per request. Some local governments were arguing that a single small component with a protective cover, such as a remote radio unit, radio transceiver, amplifier, or another device mounted behind an antenna, counted as “equipment boxes.” That would limit the amount of new equipment that can be installed quickly, particularly for 5G service, which requires new equipment to broadcast over new frequencies.

The FCC clarified, however, that including single components in the “equipment box” category was a misreading of the rules. Only a container that can hold several devices is an equipment box.

In some cases, towers were required to be disguised to look like trees or clock towers. The FCC clarified that additional equipment does not qualify for expedited review if a reasonable person would think that the addition makes the cell tower no longer look like a tree or clock tower.

The two dissenting commissioners said that the FCC should not have voted on this now, when local governments are under extraordinary stress and would not have had a chance to review and comment on the final version of these rules. They say local governments are busy responding to the coronavirus pandemic, and budgets are under stress because of a drop-off in tax revenues due to the sudden economic downturn. Lately, much of their attention is also focused on public protests over racial injustice.

Geoffrey Starks, one of the dissenters, said that the version of the rules the FCC voted on was released only the day before the vote. “Given the unusual circumstances and the extraordinary efforts by local governments to continue the timely processing of applications, I’m deeply disappointed that we rejected the reasonable request for more time to review the draft order submitted on behalf of local governments across the country and supported by 24 members of Congress,” he wrote.

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How the FCC Settles Radio-Spectrum Turf Wars

Remember the 5G-airport controversy? Here’s how such disputes play out

11 min read
This photo shows a man in the basket of a cherry picker working on an antenna as an airliner passes overhead.

The airline and cellular-phone industries have been at loggerheads over the possibility that 5G transmissions from antennas such as this one, located at Los Angeles International Airport, could interfere with the radar altimeters used in aircraft.

Patrick T. Fallon/AFP/Getty Images
Blue

You’ve no doubt seen the scary headlines: Will 5G Cause Planes to Crash? They appeared late last year, after the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration warned that new 5G services from AT&T and Verizon might interfere with the radar altimeters that airplane pilots rely on to land safely. Not true, said AT&T and Verizon, with the backing of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission, which had authorized 5G. The altimeters are safe, they maintained. Air travelers didn’t know what to believe.

Another recent FCC decision had also created a controversy about public safety: okaying Wi-Fi devices in a 6-gigahertz frequency band long used by point-to-point microwave systems to carry safety-critical data. The microwave operators predicted that the Wi-Fi devices would disrupt their systems; the Wi-Fi interests insisted they would not. (As an attorney, I represented a microwave-industry group in the ensuing legal dispute.)

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