European Innovation Varies by Country

In the aftermath of financial crisis, German enterprises lead the pack in investing in the future

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Infographic for Innovation Europe
Infographic: Carl DeTorres. Source: the Community Innovation Survey 2010, Eurostat. © 2013 IEEE Spectrum magazine

As the global financial crisis roiled Europe, who was still investing in the future? From 2008 through 2010, the European Union’s EuroStat office conducted a survey to gauge commercial innovation. The numbers have now been crunched to create a continental leaderboard of business creativity (except for Greece, for which no data was available), with innovation defined as the creation of “new or significantly improved goods or services or the implementation of new or significantly improved processes, logistics, or distribution methods.” The survey also captured the rate of collaboration on innovative activities with partners in the United States or China and India.


This article originally appeared in print as "Innovation Europe."

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Special Report: Top Tech 2021

After months of blood, toil, tears, and sweat, we can all expect a much better year

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Photo-illustration: Edmon de Haro

Last January in this space we wrote that “technology doesn't really have bad years." But 2020 was like no other year in recent memory: Just about everything suffered, including technology. One shining exception was biotech, with the remarkably rapid development of vaccines capable of stemming the COVID-19 pandemic.

This year's roundup of anticipated tech advances includes an examination of the challenges in manufacturing these vaccines. And it describes how certain technologies used widely during the pandemic will likely have far-reaching effects on society, even after the threat subsides. You'll also find accounts of technical developments unrelated to the pandemic that the editors of IEEE Spectrum expect to generate news this year.

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