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Encryption, Privacy, National Security, and Dr. Seuss

On one hand, Silicon Valley companies vow to protect our data; on the other, “They’re patriots”

2 min read
Encryption, Privacy, National Security, and Dr. Seuss
Illustration: iStockphoto

Last week, U.S. President Barack Obama, standing with British Prime Minister David Cameron, said that “If we find evidence of a terrorist plot…and despite having a phone number, despite having a social media address or e-mail address, we can’t penetrate that; that’s a problem.” According to the Wall Street Journal, he then indicated that he believes Silicon Valley companies want to solve this problem, because “They’re patriots.”

An interesting statement, given that just a few months ago, Silicon Valley companies were being criticized by U.S. government agencies for adding automatic encryption to smart phones—a move the government sees as not so patriotic. The latest software released for Android and Apple phones and pads automatically encrypts user data, and the companies said they are not keeping a master key, so they can’t help the government get into user data, even if they want to.  Other communications and social networking apps, like What’sApp, have also been rolling out automatic encryption.

So what’s the story? Is Silicon Valley determined to protect user privacy, or is it ready and willing to turn over data to the government when asked.

You could see it as a delicate dance, or as walking a fine line. Or, you could be a little more cynical, and view it through the eyes of the Dr. Seuss classic, The Sneetches.

I was introduced to this parable back in the ‘90s. The book is typically used to teach lessons about discrimination. But Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper had a different interpretation in mind when he gave a copy of the book to my husband. The intent, Draper noted, was to help my husband understand Microsoft’s moves at the time. Since then, The Sneetches has been a story that I think about regularly when I watch the goings on in business and technology today.

Short synoposis: two sets of creatures—star-bellied Sneetches and plain-bellied Sneetches—live in a world in which the star-bellied Sneetches are top dogs. An entrepreneur named Sylvester McMonkey McBean comes in with new technology—he can add stars to plain-bellied Sneetches, for a fee. The plain-bellied crew all signs up, and now nobody can tell the two groups apart. The original elite aren’t happy, so McBean offers a new tech fix, at a higher fee: star removal. This goes back and forth until the Sneetches are broke—and McBean drives off with all the money. Only then do the two sides work out their differences.

So McBean provides the technology that gives and the technology that takes away—sort of like a tech industry that gives privacy protection, yet is, apparently also interested in working with the government to get around privacy protection.

You can see an animated version of the Sneetches here (or read the text here) and think about whether it’s a good or bad thing that Silicon Valley is in the position of brokering our privacy.

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Why the Internet Needs the InterPlanetary File System

Peer-to-peer file sharing would make the Internet far more efficient

12 min read
An illustration of a series
Carl De Torres

When the COVID-19 pandemic erupted in early 2020, the world made an unprecedented shift to remote work. As a precaution, some Internet providers scaled back service levels temporarily, although that probably wasn’t necessary for countries in Asia, Europe, and North America, which were generally able to cope with the surge in demand caused by people teleworking (and binge-watching Netflix). That’s because most of their networks were overprovisioned, with more capacity than they usually need. But in countries without the same level of investment in network infrastructure, the picture was less rosy: Internet service providers (ISPs) in South Africa and Venezuela, for instance, reported significant strain.

But is overprovisioning the only way to ensure resilience? We don’t think so. To understand the alternative approach we’re championing, though, you first need to recall how the Internet works.

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