DARPA Robotics Challenge Trials: Tasks and Scoring

Here's how the DRC robots are scored, along with a task-by-task walkthrough

3 min read
DARPA Robotics Challenge Trials: Tasks and Scoring

While we gave you a rundown of all of the DRC events a while back, it's probably worth getting a refresher, especially if you haven't had a chance to immerse yourself in the commentated event livestream. DARPA has put together some video walkthroughs of the actual courses, which we've got for you here, along with an overview of how the scoring system works.

Okay, so, scoring. Each task is worth a maximum of four points. Generally, tasks are subdivided into three obvious parts: three valves to turn, three doors to open, three sections of stairs to climb, and so forth. Each task part is worth one point. The fourth and final point is a bonus that gets awarded if the robot completes all three tasks without any direct human intervention at all. Time is not a factor (taking 30 seconds and 30 minutes to complete a task is worth the same amount of points), unless there needs to be a tiebreaker at the end of the competition tomorrow, in which case the faster robot wins.

For those of us at the event, we can watch dedicated task scoreboards (pictured above) with lights that are triggered when the robot earns points. However, DARPA has repeatedly stressed that these scoreboards are always unofficial and occasionally wrong, and they're not distributing detailed scores until the end of the entire event. We do have score totals, though, and as of Saturday morning, here's how things look:

The front page of the DRC website is the place to go for the latest score updates, although they're generally about an hour behind the completion of each task.

Keep in mind that on Friday, some robots competed in five tasks (for a possible maximum of 20 points), and some robots competed in only three tasks (for a possible maximum of 12 points). Furthermore, the three task "track" is generally accepted to be harder than the five task "track," as the three tasks are ladder climbing, traversing debris, and driving.

 

 

Now that we've gotten that out of the way, here's DARPA to take us through all of the task courses. Note that, as we've talked about before, part of each task is that DARPA dynamically modulates the communication bandwidth between the robot and its operators. The bandwidth changes about every minute from a very good cell phone connection to a very bad cell phone connection, and depending on the task, some teams just wait until their connection improves before having their robot proceed.

Oh, and the other thing to note is that all of the tasks are optional. Teams can skip tasks entirely, or they can end their run at any point they choose. Many teams are completely skipping the vehicle task, for example, or only attempting to climb up one rung of the ladder task, as opposed to trying to get to the top. There are a variety of reasons for this, but generally, teams are conservative both to protect their robots, and to focus their energy on tasks in which they think they can be the most successful.

 

Doors

 

Debris

 

Valves

 

Wall

 

Hose

 

Terrain

 

Ladder

 

Vehicle

It's not mentioned here, but teams can begin with their robot already in the vehicle: there is no vehicle entry component to the task in the DRC Trials, although there will be in the DRC Finals.

The Conversation (0)

How Robots Can Help Us Act and Feel Younger

Toyota’s Gill Pratt on enhancing independence in old age

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An illustration of a woman making a salad with robotic arms around her holding vegetables and other salad ingredients.
Dan Page
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By 2050, the global population aged 65 or more will be nearly double what it is today. The number of people over the age of 80 will triple, approaching half a billion. Supporting an aging population is a worldwide concern, but this demographic shift is especially pronounced in Japan, where more than a third of Japanese will be 65 or older by midcentury.

Toyota Research Institute (TRI), which was established by Toyota Motor Corp. in 2015 to explore autonomous cars, robotics, and “human amplification technologies,” has also been focusing a significant portion of its research on ways to help older people maintain their health, happiness, and independence as long as possible. While an important goal in itself, improving self-sufficiency for the elderly also reduces the amount of support they need from society more broadly. And without technological help, sustaining this population in an effective and dignified manner will grow increasingly difficult—first in Japan, but globally soon after.

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