The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

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This article is part of our special report on AI, “The Great AI Reckoning.”

If you've seen IEEE Spectrum's October 2021 special issue on artificial intelligence, you may have noticed provocative quotes scattered throughout the magazine's pages. These quotes were drawn from the many Q&As and articles we've done over the years with top thinkers in AI. Here are the quotes, with links to the full articles.

Illustration of Yoshua Bengio made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“In terms of how much progress we've made in this work over the last two decades: I don't think we're anywhere close today to the level of intelligence of a two-year-old child. But maybe we have algorithms that are equivalent to lower animals for perception.”

YOSHUA BENGIO, founder and scientific director of Mila–Quebec AI Institute. From “Yoshua Bengio, Revered Architect of AI, Has Some Ideas About What to Build Next" (December 2019).

Illustration of Daniela Rus made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“Dig into every industry, and you'll find AI changing the nature of work.”

DANIELA RUS, director of MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. From “AI and the Future of Work: The Economic Impacts of Artificial Intelligence" (November 2019).

Illustration of Max Tegmark made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“We need to think about how to steer AI. How do we transform today's buggy and hackable AI systems into systems we can really trust and make sure they really do what we intend them to do? How do we teach machines to understand our goals, adopt our goals, and retain our goals?”

MAX TEGMARK, professor at MIT and cofounder of the Future of Life Institute. From “Interview: Max Tegmark on Superintelligent AI, Cosmic Apocalypse, and Life 3.0" (September 2017).

Illustration of Cathy O\u2019Neil made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“The policy goal is to get the regulators to enforce their laws in the age of algorithms. You can't give up on enforcing antidiscrimination laws because you don't understand the technology.”

CATHY O'NEIL, founder and CEO of O'Neil Risk Consulting and Algorithmic Auditing. From “Racial Bias Found in Algorithms That Determine Health Care for Millions of Patients" (October 2019).

Illustration of Jeff Hawkins made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“General intelligence doesn't mean you have to understand humans. There will be a lot of intelligent machines that don't need to know that stuff. [Take the] example of robotic construction workers on Mars: I don't think they need to understand human emotions and human desires to be able to construct things.”

JEFF HAWKINS, cofounder and chief scientist of Numenta. From “Deep Learning Isn't Deep Enough Unless It Copies From the Brain" (March 2021).

Illustration of Kai-Fu Lee made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“AI will take many single-task, single-domain jobs away. You can argue that humans have abilities that AI does not: We can conceptualize, strategize, create. Whereas today's AI is just a really smart pattern recognizer that can take in data [and] optimize. But how many jobs in the world are simple repetitions of tasks that can be optimized?”

KAI-FU LEE, chairman and CEO of Sinovation Ventures. From “Former Head of Google China Foresees an AI Crisis—and Proposes a Solution" (September 2018).

Illustration of Fei-Fei Li made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“AI is fundamentally an applied technology that's going to serve our society. Humanistic AI not only raises the awareness of the importance of the technology. It's a really important way to attract diverse students, technologists, and innovators to participate.”

FEI-FEI LI, codirector of the Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence. From “Computer Vision Leader Fei-Fei Li on Why AI Needs Diversity" (October 2016).

Illustration of Andrew Ng made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“Those of us in machine learning are really good at doing well on a test set, but unfortunately deploying a system takes more than doing well on a test set. All of AI…has a proof-of-concept-to-production gap.”

ANDREW NG, CEO and cofounder of Landing AI. From “Andrew Ng X-Rays the AI Hype" (May 2021).

Illustration of Michael Jordan made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“While the science-fiction discussions about AI and superintelligence are fun, they are a distraction. There's not been enough focus on the real problem, which is building planetary-scale machine learning–based systems that actually work, deliver value to humans, and do not amplify inequities.”

MICHAEL JORDAN, professor at University of California, Berkeley. From “Stop Calling Everything AI, Machine Learning Pioneer Says" (March 2021).

Illustration of Yann LeCun made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“What's missing is a principle that would allow our machine to learn how the world works by observation and by interaction with the world. A learning predictive world model is what we're missing today, and in my opinion is the biggest obstacle to significant progress in AI.”

YANN LECUN, professor at New York University and chief AI scientist at Facebook. From “Will the Future of AI Learning Depend More on Nature or Nurture?" (October 2017).

Illustration of Manuela Veloso made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“The beautiful thing about AI and robotics is that you're never done.”

MANUELA VELOSO, head of AI research at J.P. Morgan. From “Manuela Veloso: Robocup's Champion" (February 2015).

Illustration of Stuart Russell made of dots and lines.

SERGIO ALBIAC

“Those who argue that the risk from AI is negligible have failed to explain why superintelligent AI systems will necessarily remain under human control; and they have not even tried to explain why superintelligent AI systems will never be developed.”

STUART RUSSELL, professor at University of California, Berkeley. From “Many Experts Say We Shouldn't Worry About Superintelligent AI. They're Wrong" (October 2019).

Special Report: The Great AI Reckoning

READ NEXT:An Inconvenient Truth About AI

Or see the full report for more articles on the future of AI.

The Conversation (1)
William Adams19 Oct, 2021
LS

AI is genuine stupidity. So called AI is just fast programs crunching big data to find correlations so people can assume that means correlation. Worse, the data is usually dirty andor misleading.

You might train a program but it will never learn anything.

AI will never succeed in doing what it originally set out to do which was to create 'life' that could think so as to prove God did not exist.

Sorry but real science already proved God exists.

Will AI Steal Submarines’ Stealth?

Better detection will make the oceans transparent—and perhaps doom mutually assured destruction

11 min read
A photo of a submarine in the water under a partly cloudy sky.

The Virginia-class fast attack submarine USS Virginia cruises through the Mediterranean in 2010. Back then, it could effectively disappear just by diving.

U.S. Navy

Submarines are valued primarily for their ability to hide. The assurance that submarines would likely survive the first missile strike in a nuclear war and thus be able to respond by launching missiles in a second strike is key to the strategy of deterrence known as mutually assured destruction. Any new technology that might render the oceans effectively transparent, making it trivial to spot lurking submarines, could thus undermine the peace of the world. For nearly a century, naval engineers have striven to develop ever-faster, ever-quieter submarines. But they have worked just as hard at advancing a wide array of radar, sonar, and other technologies designed to detect, target, and eliminate enemy submarines.

The balance seemed to turn with the emergence of nuclear-powered submarines in the early 1960s. In a 2015 study for the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment, Bryan Clark, a naval specialist now at the Hudson Institute, noted that the ability of these boats to remain submerged for long periods of time made them “nearly impossible to find with radar and active sonar.” But even these stealthy submarines produce subtle, very-low-frequency noises that can be picked up from far away by networks of acoustic hydrophone arrays mounted to the seafloor.

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