The December 2022 issue of IEEE Spectrum is here!

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Now that 5G is getting closer to deployment, what are the killer apps going to be that push 5G forward into broad deployment? Will 5G be influential enough to push the technology to the elite status of a general purpose technology? This article aims to explore some of the hottest emerging 5G technologies and the potential impact of 5G.



  • A Look at the Future of 5G

  • Emerging 5G Applications: Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

  • Autonomous Vehicles

  • The Industrial Internet of Things

Download the white paper.

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Why Functional Programming Should Be the Future of Software Development

It’s hard to learn, but your code will produce fewer nasty surprises

11 min read
A plate of spaghetti made from code
Shira Inbar

You’d expectthe longest and most costly phase in the lifecycle of a software product to be the initial development of the system, when all those great features are first imagined and then created. In fact, the hardest part comes later, during the maintenance phase. That’s when programmers pay the price for the shortcuts they took during development.

So why did they take shortcuts? Maybe they didn’t realize that they were cutting any corners. Only when their code was deployed and exercised by a lot of users did its hidden flaws come to light. And maybe the developers were rushed. Time-to-market pressures would almost guarantee that their software will contain more bugs than it would otherwise.

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