To Probe Further: São Paulo

Where to find out more about bus rapid transit systems

The Bus Rapid Transit Policy Center, in Washington, D.C., maintains a database with detailed information on nearly 150 BRT projects in 25 countries, including Brazil:

The Transportation Research Board, a division of the U.S. National Academies’ National Research Council, offers two reports on bus rapid transit, Bus Rapid Transit, Volume 1: Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit (July 2003) and Bus Rapid Transit, Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines (January 2004), available at:

At the Web site of the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, based in New York City, you can find details on BRT projects around the world, a comprehensive BRT planning guide, and a BRT infrastructure cost calculator:

For numbers, maps, and other information (in Portuguese) on São Paulo’s transportation systems, see the Web sites of the city’s transportation agency and also São Paulo’s Metropolitan Transportation Secretariat:

The Journal of Public Transportation , a publication of the National Center for Transit Research, at the University of South Florida’s Center for Urban Transportation Research, in Tampa, had a special edition in 2006 on BRT (Volume 9, No. 3) with papers discussing case studies and technology and environmental issues:

The World Bank maintains a Web page on bus-based rapid transit with fact sheets, publications, and links to other resources.

For technical details on bus and other mass transit systems, see Urban Transit Systems and Technology (Wiley, February 2007), by University of Pennsylvania transportation engineering professor Vukan R. Vuchic:

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