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PS3 vs. Linux

Today, Sony is releasing a new firmware update for the Playstation 3 videogame console.  Among other things, according to a post on the official Sony blog, "it will disable the 'Install Other OS' feature that was available on the PS3 systems prior to the current slimmer models, launched in September 2009.  No, it's not an April Fool's day joke - geeks won't be able to run Linux on their PS3s anymore.  Infoweek compares this to the move by "Tivo, which uses Linux in its digital video recorder, has rigged its devices to block installation of source code that's been modified by the end user. Critics of the move, including free software advocate Richard Stallman, now refer to any attempts by Linux-based hardware manufacturers to limit the use of modified Linux on their products as 'Tivoization.'"

Stallman is one of the original online freedom fighters.  It's sort of ironic because he doesn't own a cell phone.  He doesn't surf the web.  And he's sick of people who spend their lives so plugged in.  "It's almost as if they worship technology," he has said, "and they don't care about the social consequences of using it."  So how did this guy who sounds Amish and looks like Rick Rubin become the most dangerous man online?  Stallman is the founder and high-priest of the Free Software Foundation, a posse of hackers, scientists, and economists who share a renegade mission:   to empower the people by unshackling the restrictions of computer technology and freely distributing software across the Web.  His enemies are Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg, and every other leader of what he calls the "unjust Internet regime."

Stallman launched the free software movement in 1985 after graduating Harvard magna um laude in physics and becoming the most notorious hacker at MIT (where he became famous for leading a mutiny against the school's computer password system, and cracked the code open for his classmates).   He created GNU, the first operating system made completely of free software.  Linux, Gnutella, open-source software, piracy, and the breakdown of the proprietary technology system as we know it followed in his wake.  He's the greatest hero of what he calls the "copyleft" and, as one detractor put it, "the most hated man in cyberspace."

But after two decades as the icon of the digital underground, Stallman's time is now.  In the fallout of the recession, the Napster generation who grew up in the free age online is heeding his gospel.  A while back, his followers launched a high-profile fight by suing Cisco for restricting access to software that is licensed by the Stallman's group to be free.  He's also expanding his fight to address other issues such as climate change, radio-frequency identification, and Darfur.  He lectures barefoot, lotus-style, and goes by the hacker nickname RMS. He's also a diehard backcountry explorer, from Cambodia to Peru, and performs hacker folk songs during his trips:  "Join us now and share the software," goes one of his tunes, "You'll be free, hackers, you'll be free."  Except on the PS3.

The Most Disturbing Presentation of the Year

I invite you to take a journey with game designer Jesse Schell as his mind goes for a little stroll in the near future. He gave a talk this February at the DICE summit that is being called the most disturbing presentation ever. I'd like to keep open the possibility of getting my mind equally blown somewhere down the line. So, I'm only going as far as to call it the most disturbing presentation of the year.

In Jesse Schell's future we will still shop, eat cereal, brush our teeth, and watch TV. But everything we do and (more importantly) all the information we attend to will win us points and benefits across a vast incentives network engineered by corporations and government entities. Or, more tersely: we will live in a game.

Two things need to happen for this future to arrive.
1. Technology, specifically sensors, must become disposable and ubiquitous.
2. Companies need to hire game designers and put them in charge of marketing schemes.

Throughout the video, Schell dips down into the present to point out how close we already are to living in a game. Sensors are all over the place and are becoming more sophisticated every day as new products come out like the body movement tracker, Natal, for the XBox. And a working point system is already there for game designers to build upon and integrate. Earning frequent flier miles is just a beginning.

Schell's apparent goal is not to scare his audience. He's way beyond that. His attitude is that, given how close we already are in theory to experiencing life as a game, it's clearly something that's going to happen and we better make sure it gets done right. But, sorry Schell. While you may not have wanted to, you scared me and a whole bunch of other people. That's why I urge people to watch until the very end of the video where Schell suddenly contorts his theory into a miraculous bit of optimism, imagining a future so documented and monitored that humanity is compelled to clean up its act, read the right books, eat the right foods, say the right things, and where we are all delivered at last from the vices of anonymity.

Hmmm... I'm still scared.

 NOTE: This is only a portion of the talk. The full video is available here and is well worth watching.

UPDATE: Mayor Bloomberg tried to set up an incentives program in New York City that would pay out money to citizens for everyday good behaviors like going to the dentist. The NY Times is reporting today that the program failed. I wonder if it would have been more successful had game theorists designed the system.

Hacking March Madness

It's March Madness, college basketball season in America, and for Nicky Gold that means one thing:  time to bet.  The twentysomething player sits down at his shiny wide desk in a sweeping loft, and fires up his PC.  A Red Bull condenses in arm’s reach.   Gold boasts five monitors in his home office, each filled with windows from dozens of sports sites.  Instant messages chime endlessly on his screen.  In another window, a tally of available lines rise and fall.  In this country of bettors, Nicky Gold is among the best.

Gold makes millions betting sports online.  He and a college friend head up a team of a half dozen math-minded friends who quit their day jobs for this.  You name it, they bet it:  NBA, NCAA, NFL, hockey,  golf.  On a given day, they may have up to $1 million in action.   They have a well-engineered system, which, for obvious reasons, they don’t want to reveal.  “If you’re really good, you don’t publish how you do it,” Gold says, with a laugh, which is why he doesn't want to use his real name.  But each person essentially has his own responsibility, from keeping tabs on the changing lines to researching a history of stats on how well teams and players perform against the line.  And though they take their hits, in the long run they win. 

“Why should I get a job on Wall Street?” Gold says, “I make more doing this, and I don’t have to wear a suit.”  While his skills and success are unique, he epitomizes this new manifestation of the American dream, and the generation of secretive young guys who are pursuing it.  They’re college educated math smart sports fans weaned on the Internet and video games.  The best of them have the broker-like gift for analyzing numbers and the dexterity of make flash decisions on the fly.  They're similar to the "quants" -  analysts who rocked Wall Street the last decade, except they're focused on mastering the betting systems online. 

But online gambling is still a murky field.  It's governed by an ancient, some say archaic, law.  In 1961, long before Gold and his crew were born, the United States Congress passed the Federal Interstate Wire Act aimed at illegal bookies who were taking sports bets by phone across state lines.  When the Internet gambling arrived in the late 1990s, the United State Justice Department dusted off the Wire Act and applied it to the wires of the new and burgeoning digital age.  While exceptions are now made for off-track horse betting, the vast majority of bets on the Internet are deemed against the law. Enforcement is often another story, though.

While poker garners most of the hype, sports betting is among the most popular – and profitable – games online.   Though the U.S. regulates other forms of gambling, from the lottery to Vegas and Indian casinos, online play remains a wild west.  As a result, hundreds of operations set up shop  in Costa Rica, making this the largest mission control for this controversial new American pastime. In addition to sharing the U.S. time zone, Costa Rica is in the proximal satellite footprint.  It also boasts a highly-literate workforce, willing to sit at the computers in call centers for a fraction of U.S. minimal wage.

Running the game is both an art and science.  It relies on two essential sources:   Don Best, and the Wiseguys.  Don Best is the name of a computer program, commercially available software that displays the various lines being offered at sites across the Internet. As bets come in, the betting sites adjust the line and the company’s take, called the “juice.”  They do this with the help of the Wiseguys, their term for the professional bettors like Nicky Gold.   If the Wiseguys, who they know from experience by name, come in at a certain line, the odds-makers adjust accordingly. 

In the underworld of online betting, the Wiseguys like Gold are the taste-masters, the people setting the standard that others follow.  Betting sites have terms for their followers; the Beards are the savvy players, who come in after the Wiseguys’ moves, and the Squares are everyone else.  Most bettors are Squares, he says, putting down an average of under $50 a bet.  Ultimately, it’s the Squares, not the geeks, whom the sportsbook operators care about most.  The average guy putting fifty bucks on the Wildcats to win is the lifeblood of this  culture and industry.  And the only way the sites are going to continue to reach him is to overcome the most pressing concerns:  underage gambling, money laundering, and problem gamers.  

DEMO Spring: Keeping Track of Your Gizmos with Bluetooth

At first, I wasn't impressed. Oh, whoopee, this gizmo is going to buzz me when I walk out the door without my keys. Then the folks at Phone Halo happened to mention that if you keep going, it will go on to text you to tell you where you left your keys, post it on your facebook page, and twitter it out to all your friends. Finally, a good use of social media. (Of course, if you left them in a place you shouldn't have been in the first places—maybe not so good.)

DEMO Spring: Add Some Lasers to Your Cash Register

Is this really as cool as it seemed? Or was I just tired of all the online applications I'd been subjected to? Maybe I was easily impressed by something that dealt with nuts and bolts. Real nuts and bolts.

DEMO Spring: VenueGen Launches Virtual Meeting Technology

I don't like web conferences; I never can tell who is talking, I get tired of staring at static Powerpoint slides on the screen, and it's hard to get a word in when I have something to say. So I could be a future user of VenueGen's 3D virtual meeting technology—as long as I don't have so much fun instructing my avatar to make faces that I lose track of the conversation.

DEMO Spring: Quantum Dots About to Move into Camera Sensors

When I scanned through the exhibitor list at Demo Spring in Palm Desert, Calif., InVisage Technologies, a company promising a leap forward in camera sensor technologies with paint-on quantum dot technology, immediately went to the top of my "gotta check this out" list. I was even more intrigued to discover that their Chief Technology Officer, Ted Sargent, had written an article for IEEE Spectrum's February issue explaining the technology. ("Connecting the Quantum Dots.") He hadn't happened to mention that he had a little company about to introduce image sensors into the cell phone market.

DEMO Spring: Neverend Media Says E-books Could be Better

The Alpha-earliest stage-companies at Demo Spring in Palm Desert, Calif., didn't have lot of time to make their case for why the world needs their technology-just 90 seconds. So IEEE Spectrum took a closer look at Neverend Media, whose Neverend electronic books can be constantly updated, annotated, and discussed as they are being read.

DEMO Spring: Flinc Puts a High Tech Twist on Hitchhiking

Flinc is calling their new technology a digital ride sharing system. Come on, call it what it is—high-tech hitchhiking. But besides linking riders and potential drivers who are about to pass nearby and heading for the same destination, Flinc adds a little motivation—it lets drivers sell their services.


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