'Theranostic' Nanoparticle Promises Improved Cancer Treatment
The precise delivery of drugs to diseased cells is one of the key functions of nanoparticles in the treatment of cancer and other diseases. Another role for nanoparticles in medical treatment is to provide early diagnosis of diseases like cancer through the detection of biomarkers that are linked to the disease.
The ability to combine both these therapeutic and diagnostic functions into one nanoparticle has developed into a field known as a “theranostics.”
Now a research team in Sweden, including Eva Malmström-Jonsson of the KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Andreas Nyström of the Karolinska Institute, has not only developed just such a theranostic nanoparticle, but also demonstrated that it is non-toxic and biodegradable.
The research, which was published in the journal Particle & Particle Systems Characterization (“In Vitro Evaluation of Non-Protein Adsorbing Breast Cancer Theranostics Based on 19F-Polymer Containing Nanoparticles”), developed a carefully balanced self-assembly process for dendritic linear hybrid materials.
The self-assembly process required a balance between the particles’ hydrophilic (capable of dissolving in water) and hydrophobic (not dissolvable in water) parts. While the hydrophobic part of the particle was needed to carry the drug to the target site, the hydrophilic portion was needed to make sure the drug was actually released.